Documentation and Listing Sources
I. CITING REFERENCES
A. Parenthetical documentation is the preferred method of citing references in research papers. Refer to pages 7-8 in this document. A sample of a paragraph using parenthetical documentation is given below.
B. Footnotes are a means of giving credit to the original source of information without interrupting the discussion in the text. Word processors have simplified adding footnotes to the bottom of the page; therefore, directions for individual manufacturers must be followed. For a complete explanation of footnotes see the Appendix.
C. Endnotes are written according to the same rules as footnotes except endnotes are written on a separate page following the text not at the bottom of the text page. Further explanation of this method can be found in the Appendix.
II. LISTING SOURCES USED ON THE Works Cited PAGE
A. All scources referred to in the body of the paper, regardless of the format used, must again be listed, alphabetically, at the end of the research paper.
B. The most acceptable title for this section is Works Cited. (Do not print in all capital letters and do not underline.)
C. Much of the information stated in the footnotes is included in the "Works Cited" section but in a special form.
D. All entries should be listed in alphabetical order and double-spaced with a double-space between entries.
Two or more authors (If authors are not editors, omit "eds." Any authors listed after the first one are listed with the first name and then last name.)
No author listed
Two citations by the same author
A reference book or an encyclopedia
Newspaper or magazine articles
A newspaper article (Months of the year with 5 or more letters are abbreviated and page numbers are given .)
Magazine with a date
Magazine with a volume number (Note quote within a quote. Also: If a journal entry needs an issue number included type the Volume number Period Issue number: 39.7.)
Computer software (CD-ROM non-periodical)
On-line Database (World-wide Web)
Author. "Title of page or document." Title of site or larger work. Date of document. Online. http://www. address/filename. Date of access.
Author. "Title of article." Title of reference work. Online. Title of the database or online service. Date of access.
A correctly typed Works Cited page is given as an example.
Campbell, Julie. "Captivated by Costa Rica." Sports Illustrated 20 Feb. 1995: 109+.
Goodman, Kenneth. "Language Development: Issues, Insights, and Implementation." Teachers and Research. Ed. Gay Su Pinnell and Myna L. Matlin. Delaware: International Reading Assoc., 1989. 130-137.
"International Peace Garden." Encyclopedia Americana. 1992 ed.
Lewis, David. "Martin Luther King, Jr." The Academic American Encyclopedia.CD-ROM. Danbury, CT: Grolier, Inc., 1996.
McCleary, James. "Hatchie Bridge Battle." Civil War Battles. 10 Mar. 1994. Online. http://www.civilwar.battles. 9 Nov. 1995.
McEnroe, Paul. "Security gaps found at airport." Star Tribune 21 July 1996, Mpls. ed.: Al.
Metzger, Terri R. "Outlining: 'Your order, please.'" Journal of Adolescent and Adult Literacy 39 (1996): 657-658.
Oman, Charles W. Castles. New York: Beekman House, 1978.
Pinnell, Gay Su and Myna L. Matlin, eds. Teachers and Research. Delaware: International Reading Assoc., 1989.
Volcano. Alexandria: Time Life Books, 1984.
last updated: 5-jan-04